In the fight against global warming, the 2015 Cop21 meeting Paris Agreement I’m a landmark cop. The Glasgow Cop26 must be an accelerator of action.
As the then French Foreign Minister who chaired the conference, I am often asked about the secrets of the universal agreement reached there. My answer is that success in Paris was made possible by a powerful process of environmental diplomacy that required the coordination of three “planets”: science, society and the state.
Since then, the “planet of science” has made progress in many ways. Many studies have deepened our knowledge and have shown that 1.5C in particular is the limit we must not exceed. Technology is advancing, supporting energy savings and significantly reducing renewable energy costs compared to carbon energy. Great innovation is happening.
The “Planet of Society” also achieved its goal sooner than expected in 2015. Non-governmental organizations, cities, regions and universities have taken action. The public is becoming more aware of this challenge. Young people are showing us the way.
More and more companies are making commitments for a variety of reasons, including ethical, economic and economic reasons. However, the pace is different. Among fossil fuel producers, coal, oil, gas,
NSThe confusion between “green acting,” “green talking,” and “greenwashing” still needs to be resolved.
However, there is still a shortage of “state planets.” The Paris Agreement Article 4 Each country must present a “nationally determined contribution” that is updated at least every five years. However, when I wrote these lines, many countries and the European Union showed their contributions in line with the agreement, but some retreated and some did not submit anything at all. ..
Expect the Roman G20 and Cop26 at the end of this month to lead to new commitments. Donald Trump’s opposition to the treaty, international tensions, resurrected nationalism, and the inherent political difficulties in making big and necessary decisions all help explain the shortcomings. But they do not justify them.
Obviously, there’s still a lot to do. Temperature rises from pre-industrial levels were well below 2 ° C and should have been maintained at 1.5 ° C if possible, but are now moving towards 2.7 ° C and above. The UN Secretary-General correctly took this trajectorydisasterous“. Catastrophic progress of climate change has already been seen, including heat waves, large fires, floods, famines, and large-scale forced migration of people. Sadly, these often have the first impact on the most vulnerable people and regions. But we are all affected. It’s now, not 10 or 30 years later.
Glasgow in this context Cop26 open. To be successful, you need to pursue at least four goals and determine the outcome in relation to these goals.
The first one, Paris Agreement Rulebook -Shared technical guidance to assist countries in implementing the Convention. Since the Katowice Cop 24 in 2018, the details have been mixed in with the negotiations. If you don’t adopt the text in Glasgow, or if you agree with the watered text, it’s very disappointing.
The second goal is about finance.. The exact commitment was made at 2009 at Cop 15 in Copenhagen.. Developed countries have pledged at least $ 100 billion annually to public and private climate financing initiatives in developing countries in 2020. To date, we haven’t reached that. This limits the development of many countries that lack both finance and technology, especially in Africa.
It is important that Cop26 move this plan forward while increasing its share of funding to focus on adaptation as well as transition. This involves increasing the share of grants rather than loans and addressing the issue of “loss and damage” in land and resources. More generally, the entire financial and banking system will need to stop supporting fossil fuels and significantly increase spending on green investment.
The third objective is that global climate change ambitions need to be strengthened and clarified to bridge the gap between commitment and action. Not only CO2 emissions, but also serious problems with methane gas. It is an important cause of climate emergencies, but it is a problem that has not received as much attention as CO2. Methane reduction may be a pleasant surprise for Glasgow.
In the last few months, several countries have announced carbon neutrality by the mid-21st century. It’s a remarkable progress.
To see the progress of these commitments in real time, we need clear indicators and indicators, which need to be transparent. States must recognize that long-term ambitious announcements do not rule out short-term and medium-term goals, the need for verifiable commitment to pre-2030 action. It is unclear whether a significant reduction in fossil fuels will meet the required carbon-neutral goals. Or compensation for carbon recovery and emissions. Only by clarifying these aspects can you determine if the long-term path you choose is appropriate.
Finally, Police Officer Glasgow is expected to take into account, validate and amplify some significant developments since the Paris Agreement. The fight against climate change and the protection of biodiversity are interrelated. We need to coordinate our actions to tackle these two challenges with a unified approach. We also know that these questions cannot be addressed efficiently without strong social justice measures, such as carbon pricing legislation, to support activities, communities and people who are directly affected.
Cop26 is an opportunity to embody efforts in multiple sectors (cement, automobiles, construction, agriculture, air and sea transport, etc.) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Glasgow must show the convergence of all these actions, along with a detailed assessment of the results.
Respecting these goals is even more essential this quarter, given that energy shortages and rising prices have led some large CO2 emitters to rely on increased coal use. This is also a big challenge for Glasgow.
Six years ago, in my opening statement at Cop21, I said: “I believe in success because we all know that the fight against global warming is not just an environmental issue. We provide food and water to the world, protect biodiversity and stay healthy. It is imperative that we protect ourselves, fight poverty and mass migration, stop war, promote peace and ultimately provide opportunities for sustainable development and livelihoods... “
The stakes haven’t changed – if anything, they’re even higher today. We have a great responsibility for future generations. Skepticism about climate has receded. Now, through action and consequences, we also need to tackle climate fatalism. It’s the belief that it’s too late to do anything.
When I signed the Paris Agreement, I chaired Cop21.I have to go further in Glasgow | Laurent Fabius
Source link When I signed the Paris Agreement, I chaired Cop21.I have to go further in Glasgow | Laurent Fabius