Washington-Wednesday’s House was the first impeachment of President Trump in American history, a week after he spit on a crowd of supporters who attacked the Capitol when Congress met to formulate the presidential election. He was accused of “inciting a riot.” Victory of Joseph R. Biden Jr.
Democrats quickly moved to impeach Mr. Trump after telling Republicans to march at the Capitol at a rally near the National Mall to overturn his defeat. At least five people, including police officers in the Capitol, died during and shortly after the siege.
This process takes place at an extraordinary speed, testing the limits of the impeachment process and raising previously unthinkable questions. This is what we know.
Impeachment is one of the most serious penalties of the Constitution.
Impeachment is one of the most important tools the Constitution has given to Congress to hold senior government officials, including the president, responsible for misconduct and abuse of power.
The House of Representatives will consider whether to impeach the President (equivalent to prosecuting a criminal case), and the Senator will conduct a jury trial in which the Senator will serve as a jury and consider whether to dismiss the President. The constitutional test is whether the president has committed “treason, bribery, or other high crime or contempt.”
The House of Representatives vote requires only a majority of lawmakers who agree that the president has actually committed high crime and contempt. A two-thirds majority is required to vote in the Senate.
The accusation against Trump is a “riot incitement.”
Drafted by Rhode Island Rep. David Siciline, California Ted Ryu, Maryland Jamie Raskin, and New York Gerold Nadler, the article charged Trump with “incitement to riots.” Instigated violence against the government. ” American. “
The article cites Mr. Trump’s week-long campaign to not falsely trust the results of the November elections, which he did on the day of the siege when he told his supporters to go to the Capitol. Quoted directly from the speech. “If you don’t fight like hell, you won’t have a country anymore,” he said.
Proponents say the impeachment is worth it, even though Trump has only a few days left.
The House of Representatives moved at an alarming rate to impeach Mr. Trump, but the Senate trial to decide whether to dismiss him cannot begin until January 19, his last full day. This means that the conviction will almost certainly not be completed until he leaves the White House.
The Democratic Party uses Mr. Trump’s crime-using his power as a national leader and commander-in-chief to incite a rebellion against the legislature-because his term is only a few days left. Even so, he insists that he must deal with it. To let it go without punishment, Democrats insisted that the future president set a dangerous precedent for impunity.
“Is there little time left?” Maryland Democrat and Majority Leader Stennie H. Heuer said in a debate. “Yes, but it’s never too late to do the right thing.”
Republicans, who voted to overturn the election results, said that going through the impeachment process very late in Mr. Trump’s term encouraged unnecessary divisions, and the country should move forward from last week’s siege. Claimed to be.
The biggest consequence for Trump may be his disqualification from taking office again.
The impeachment court conviction does not automatically disqualify Mr. Trump from future public office. However, if the Senate convicts him, the Constitution allows in subsequent votes to prohibit civil servants from holding “a position of honor, trust, or interest under the United States.”
The vote will require only a simple majority of senators. Such a step could be an attractive prospect not only for Democrats, but also for many Republicans who have turned to the president himself or are convinced that he is the only one to drive Mr. Trump out of the party. There is sex. Republican leader Mitch McConnell, a Kentucky senator, is said to hold the latter view.
However, there is no precedent for disqualifying the president from future positions, and the issue could be brought to the Supreme Court.
The Senate trial will not begin until Biden becomes president.
Democrats who control the House of Representatives can choose when to send impeachment articles to the Senate. At that point, the Chamber of Commerce must move immediately to begin the trial. However, the Senate does not plan to hold a regular meeting until January 19, so even if the House of Representatives immediately sends an indictment to the other side of the Capitol, an agreement is needed between Senate Republican and Democratic leaders by then. Will be. ..
McConnell said Wednesday that he did not agree to do so. In other words, the article could not be taken up until the day before Mr. Biden swore. It takes time for the Senate to set rules for impeachment trials. This means that the process will probably not begin until Mr. Biden becomes president and the Democratic Party manages the Senate.
“Given the rules, procedures, and Senate precedents governing the impeachment trial, there is no chance that a fair or serious trial will end before President Biden swears next week,” McConnell said. “In the light of this reality, if Congress and the administration are fully focused on promoting a safe inauguration and an orderly transfer of power to the next Biden administration for the next seven days, it will be in our country. I believe it will be the most useful. “
The trial may consume the Senate during Biden’s first day in office.
When the Senate receives the impeachment charge, the impeachment article has the highest privileges and must immediately address the issue. Under rules that have been in force for decades, impeachment is the only issue the Senate can consider while a trial is in progress. No other legislative business can be considered at the same time.
However, Mr. Biden asked McConnell if it was possible to change the rules, allowing the Senate to conduct Mr. Trump’s impeachment trial in parallel with the consideration of his cabinet candidate, two days. Divided into. McConnell told Biden that he would talk to the senator if that was possible.
If such a bifurcated process is not possible, House of Representatives Democrats may choose to withhold the article to give Mr. Biden time to win confirmation of his team before the trial begins. Hmm.
The Senate was able to hold trials after Mr. Trump resigned, but there is no precedent for trials after the president’s term ends. Other impeached government officials were brought to justice after they left.
Only two presidents other than Mr. Trump were impeached — Andrew Johnson in 1868 and Bill Clinton in 1998 — and both were eventually acquitted and ended their term.
Nicholas Funds Contribution report.
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