According to the American Academy of Pediatrics, babies under the age of 12 months should drink either human breast milk or infant formula instead of milk. So is milk made from cows dangerous for young children?
Breast milk is specially made for human babies, but milk is really for calves, Dr. Jae Kim, director of the neonatal department at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital, told Live Science.Therefore, for milk protein Your baby is difficult to digest and lacks important vitamins and minerals such as iron that your baby needs to develop. Infant formula milk powder is made from milk, but the manufacturer removes the protein and changes it along with other essential ingredients before returning the protein to the formulation. “The final infant formula is quite different from the milk you get,” Kim said.
Infant intestines, kidneys, Immune system According to Kim, it takes time to mature before the new types and amounts of protein in milk can be safely tolerated. The high levels of protein and minerals in milk “stress the immature kidneys of newborns and can cause serious illness during heat stress, fever and diarrhea,” he said. American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). That’s why, “I highly recommended avoiding milk for the first year of life,” Kim said. According to Kim, the majority of babies over 6 months old drink milk well, but foreign proteins can cause inflammation due to allergic reactions in some babies.
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According to Kim, the allergic reaction can lead to inflammation of the baby’s intestines and microscopic bleeding of the intestinal lining. Also, lack of iron in milk can lead to anemia. Overall, he said, it could result in the baby being sick or not prosperous.
Kim added that this risk is lower for older babies who eat more than just a prescription, starting at about 4-5 months. Milk isn’t the only source of nutrients, so you’re more likely to get enough nutrients elsewhere. In addition, older babies have a more mature intestinal, kidney and immune system to withstand new proteins. However, newborns and toddlers consume only milk, so it is more important to consume very careful formulas such as breast milk and infant formulas, Kim said.
However, milk for babies under the age of 1 is “not ideal and should not be routine”. AAP said.. However, according to AAP, it is a better option “than diluting a formula or creating a homemade formula”.
If you need to replenish milk in a short period of time, such as a shortage of infant formula in 2022 in the United States, move slowly to milk if possible to avoid impacting your baby’s system. .. Said. Also, be aware of the signs and symptoms of inflammatory and allergic reactions, he added. Your baby may not react immediately to cow’s milk, but instead may begin to vomit gradually or have diarrhea. In the worst case scenario, there may be some blood in the stool due to colitis, inflammation of the colon. Alternatively, he said, especially the swelling of the face, the loss of protein in the blood can lead to anemia.
Pre-1 year old baby milk is probably not suitable for babies who already have a dislike of dairy products or who need special formulas containing only degraded proteins and amino acids. Also, plant-based milk, which is much less nutritious, is not a suitable nutritional substitute for any baby, Kim said. But for the majority of babies over 6 months old, adding milk shouldn’t cause any problems, he said. If you are concerned about what your baby should drink, AAP recommends that you consult your pediatrician.
This article is for informational purposes only and is not intended to provide medical advice.
Originally published on Live Science.
Why can’t babies drink cow milk?
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