For thousands of years, Egyptian pharaohs built pyramids, often buried under or inside huge monuments.
The Egyptian Pharaoh built a pyramid during the time of King Jessel (2630-2611 BC). Step pyramid From the time of Ahmes I (1550 to 1525 BC), who built the last known royal pyramid in Egypt in Saqqara Abydos..
These iconic pyramids demonstrated the power and wealth of the Pharaohs and promoted their religious beliefs.Then why Ancient Egyptians Would you like to stop building the pyramids shortly after the New Kingdom begins?
Related: How was the Egyptian Pyramid built?
In ancient Egypt, the construction of the pyramids appeared to have declined after the reign of Armose, instead the pharaoh was buried in the Valley of the Kings near Thebes, the capital of ancient Egypt. Luxor.. Theban mapping project Note Their website states that the earliest confirmed royal tomb in the valley was built by Thutmose I (reign from 1504 to 1492 BC). His predecessor, Amenhotep I (1525-1504 BC), may also have built a tomb in the Valley of the Kings, a matter of debate among Egyptologists.
It is not entirely clear why the Pharaoh stopped building the royal pyramid, but it is possible that safety concerns were a factor.
“There are many theories, but the pyramids were inevitably plundered, so they did play a role, as they hid the royal burial in a distant valley, carved it into rocks, and probably had a lot of Necropolis guards. “Egyptian professor Peter der Manuelian said. Harvard University told Live Science by email.
“Even before they gave up the pyramid for the king, they stopped putting burial chambers under the pyramid. The last king’s pyramid-the pyramid of Ahmes I in Abydos-is more than 0.5 km. Had a burial room [1,640 feet] Aidan Dodson, a professor of Egyptology at the University of Bristol, told Live Science by email.
One of the historical records that could be an important clue was written by a man named “Ineni” who built the tomb of Thutmose I in the Valley of the Kings. Ineni wrote, “I oversaw the excavation of his majestic cliff tomb alone. No one has seen it, no one has heard it.” The record “clearly suggests that secrets were a major consideration,” said Anne Macey Ross, a clinical professor of art history and Hebrew and Jewish studies at the University of New York, in an email. I told Live Science.
The natural terrain of the Valley of the Kings can explain why the Valley of the Kings has emerged as the preferred place for the Valley of the Kings. It now has a peak known as el-Qurn (sometimes spelled Gurn) and looks like a pyramid. The peak is “much like a pyramid. [so] In a sense, all the royal tombs built in the valley were placed under the pyramids, “Egyptian scholar Miroslav Bárta, vice president of Charles University in the Czech Republic, told Live Science by email. ..
The Pyramid was important to the Egyptian Pharaoh because it was a “place of ascension and transformation” for the afterlife, wrote Mark Lehner, director and president of the Ancient Egyptian Studies Associates, in his book.Complete Pyramid: Solve Ancient Mysteries“(Thames and Hudson, 1997).
The terrain of Luxor, which became the capital of Egypt during the New Kingdom (1550-1070 BC), may also have contributed to the decline in pyramid construction. According to Dodson, the area is “very limited in space and has lots of lumps and bumps.” In other words, the ancient capital may have been too small to be architecturally challenging to serve as the home of the new pyramid.
Religious changes that emphasized building tombs underground are another possible reason for the Egyptians to abandon the Grand Pyramids. “During the New Kingdom, the concept of a king’s night journey through the underworld was so popular that it required a sophisticated plan for a tomb carved into the underground bedrock,” Balta said. The catacombs carved in the Valley of the Kings fit this concept well.
Wealthy individuals continued to practice while the Pharaoh stopped building the pyramids. for example, 3,300-year-old tomb in AbydosArchaeologists announced in 2014 that it was built for the clerk Horemheb and had a 23-foot (7-meter) high pyramid at the entrance.
During the 1st millennium BC, the pyramid building also became popular. Nubia, The region that includes what is now Sudan and parts of southern Egypt. The Nubians built pyramids for both royalty and individuals.It’s not clear how many they built, Lehner said in his book that there are about 180 royal pyramids, but recent archaeological studies reveal that they were there. More A pyramid built for individuals. Nubian rulers continued to build pyramids until about 1700 years ago.
Originally published in Live Science.
Why did the ancient Egyptian pharaohs stop building pyramids?
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