The Finnish medieval tomb, which was thought to hold the bodies of female warriors and rulers, revealed a surprise — the person buried there could be non-binary.
Archaeologists excavated a 900-year-old tomb in 1968, discovering the interior of the remains of an individual wearing an oval brooch on a woolen fabric. This is the style of the dress, which is the “typical women’s outfit of the era”. In a paper published online on July 15th European Journal of Archeology.. A sword was found on the left side of the individual, and another sword, believed to have been buried some time after the burial, was buried above the burial.
“Since then, tombs have been interpreted as evidence of powerful women, as well as Finnish female warriors and leaders in the early Middle Ages,” the researchers write.However, new DNA Tests revealed that the person was anatomically male and had Klinefelter’s syndrome, a condition in which the male had extras. X chromosome.. Each cell usually carries a pair of sex chromosomes that determine a person’s sex (XX for women and XY for men). People with Klinefelter’s syndrome have cells with the XXY chromosome. According to the Mayo Clinic.. This condition can cause breast enlargement, infertility, and a small penis. After discovering this genetic surprise, researchers said they may have identified the person as non-dual, they wrote in the study.
The fact that the person was buried with a sword or jewel suggests that people in their community accepted the ID and did not treat them as exiles, the research team wrote.
“In the ultra-masculine environment of Scandinavia in the early Middle Ages, it was suggested that men with feminine social roles and men in feminine clothes were despised and considered shameful,” the researchers said. Wrote.
The research team writes that this person probably came from a wealthy and perhaps influential family, as swords and gems cost a fair amount of money.
“The individual may have been a respected member of the community due to physical and psychological differences from other members of the community, but the individual may already be characteristic or other. For example, by belonging to a relatively wealthy and connected family, “the researchers write.
Another possibility is that the person was a shaman or a magical user. Surviving texts at the time suggest that some shamans and magic users were men dressed in women because the Norse god Odin was “related to the magic of women.” ..
However, the researchers said that the DNA samples were scarce and that only a relatively small number of gene sequences could be read to analyze them. This meant that researchers had to develop a system of mathematical modeling in order to anatomically determine that the person was a man with Klinefelter’s syndrome, the University of Turku, Finland. Said Ura Moilenen, Principal Research Author, a PhD student in anatomy. The modeling system developed by the researchers had never been used before it was mentioned in the treatise.
The tomb is located in the ruins of Suontaka in southern Finland. At the time of the burial, researchers wrote in a treatise that there were hills, sacrificial stones, cemeteries, and fields surrounded by hills around Suontaka.
Non-research scholars generally supported the findings of Suontaka.
Professor Pete Heinzmann of the Norwegian Arctic University, an expert in ancient DNA analysis, said: (The human karyotype represents the number and appearance of chromosomes in the cell.)
“Moilenen and colleagues [burial] Nick Lawrence, director of the Otago Paleogenetics Institute at the University of Otago, New Zealand, said:
Another DNA researcher was a little more cautious. “NS [DNA] As the author points out, the results are not great, but the possible interpretation that an individual suffered from Klinefelter’s syndrome is fairly well supported by patched data. ” Lisa Matisoo Smith, Dean of the Department of Anatomy at the University of Otago, said. new Zealand.
Archaeologists and historians also supported the team’s findings. Marianne Moen, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Oslo Museum of Cultural History, said: “It’s great to see the expansion of the knowledge available to us through scientific analysis, especially if it is placed in the context of a wide range of socially relevant discussions, such as this article. that’s right.”
“This was a well-studied study of interesting burials, and early medieval societies had a very delicate approach and understanding of gender identity,” said Rezek Gardewa, a researcher at the National Museum of Denmark. I think it shows. ” Gardewa said it was interesting that the sword was buried on the left side of the human body, and in Scandinavia there are some examples of women burying the sword on the left side of the body, even though they usually had a sword. Was placed on the right side of the person who pointed out. This unusual sword arrangement seems to imply “a kind of” difference “of the deceased. Gardewa said.
Originally published in Live Science.
“Women” warriors buried in medieval tombs can be non-dual
Source link “Women” warriors buried in medieval tombs can be non-dual