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US Expands Title 42 Border Expulsion While Opening Legal Paths For Some Immigrants

Washington — The Biden administration is set to unveil Thursday a “carrot and stick” immigration control strategy that officials want. Historically high level of illegal crossing Along the U.S.-Mexico border, two people familiar with the plan told CBS News.

The effort includes immigrants from Nicaragua, Cuba and Haiti with U.S.-based financial sponsors through a program modeled after the policies of the Biden administration that provided safe havens for displaced Ukrainians and Venezuelans. This includes allowing them to enter the country legally.

Eligible immigrants from these crisis-hit countries enter the United States under humanitarian parole authority. This allows the beneficiary to temporarily live and work legally in the United States.

The expanded legal channel will be limited to 30,000 monthly visitors and will be combined with deterrence measures designed to deter illegal immigration along the southern border, according to people familiar with the plan. Under the plan, immigrants from Nicaragua, Cuba, and Haiti who illegally crossed the U.S. border would face immediate deportation to Mexico under Title 42 pandemic-era measures, and the Mexican government would policy change that requires the consent of

For more than two years, the Mexican government has only permitted the return of citizens and immigrants from Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador exiled from the United States under Title 42, the public health law first invoked by the Trump administration in early 2020. accepted. In October, the Biden administration persuaded Mexico to accept Venezuelan immigrants, and the United States promised to let up to 24,000 Venezuelans legally enter the country under parole powers.

Immigrants wait their turn to have information written down by border agents on December 20, 2022 in Eagle Pass, Texas.

Veronica G. Cardenas/AFP via Getty Images

the dual policy Dramatic Decrease in Number of Venezuelans Detained at US Borderand Biden administration officials pledged to “further develop” the success of the strategy.

Representatives for the White House and Homeland Security did not immediately respond to requests for comment on Thursday’s announcement.

The expansion of Title 42 to include immigrants from Cuba and Nicaragua comes as the majority of the tens of thousands of Cubans and Nicaraguans who have been processed along our southern border in the past year have been released and allowed to be searched by the United States. would be a dramatic change in policy for They are in exile because their home country severely restricts US deportation.

mass escape from cuba and Nicaragua have contributed to record levels of US border security over the past year. In recent months, arrivals from these countries have outnumbered migrants from Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador detained at U.S. borders, an unprecedented demographic change.

The new effort also represents a dramatic and unprecedented expansion of parole powers that the Biden administration has already used to resettle tens of thousands of refugees from Afghanistan and Ukraine.

U.S. law allows immigration officers to use their parole powers to allow immigrants without legal authorization, such as a visa, to enter the U.S. when deemed legitimate for humanitarian or public interest reasons. I admit that

President Biden will outline his strategy along the U.S.-Mexico border in his first speech at the White House on Thursday, which will focus solely on border policy. Biden also asked Congress to reform the U.S. immigration system and legalize so-called dreamers and other immigrants living in the country without legal status, including farm workers, according to people familiar with the speech. I plan to request it.

On Wednesday, Biden said it was his “intention” to visit the southern border of the United States during his visit to Mexico next week.

The humanitarian crisis along the southern border has become a political responsibility for Biden, who has been accused by Republicans of ignoring the issue. They also said the record border arrivals reported in the past two years reverse some of the Trump-era policies, including a program that required certain immigrants to wait for asylum hearings in Mexico. It is claimed that it was caused by the government’s decision.

U.S. southern border sees increased flow of migrants as Title 42 policy expires
Mexican and American flags fly over the International Bridge as migrants line up next to the U.S.-Mexico border fence to seek asylum on December 22, 2022 in El Paso, Texas. Photo seen from.

Getty Images

In fiscal 2022, U.S. Border Patrol agents stopped 2.2 million immigrants along the southern border, according to federal statistics. This was an all-time high, surpassing the record set the previous year. More than one million of these encounters resulted in immigrants being deported from the United States under Title 42.

While revoking some of the Trump administration’s asylum restrictions, the Biden administration retained Title 42 for more than a year, defending Trump-era claims that the policy was necessary to control the spread of COVID-19.

In April 2022, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced it would suspend approval of Title 42 as the pandemic situation improved, including improved vaccination coverage. But a group of Republican-led states persuaded a federal judge in Louisiana to block the termination of the rule on procedural grounds.

Then, on November 15, another federal judge Declared Title 42 was illegal, and the CDC had not adequately explained the public health rationale for its policy and failed to consider its impact on asylum seekers. We have given border officials five weeks to December 21 to finish.

Nineteen Republican-led states have asked courts to postpone repeal of Title 42 indefinitely, warning of chaos otherwise. After their request was denied by a lower court, the state asked the Supreme Court to intervene.

On December 27, the Supreme Court suspended the lower court’s order finding Title 42 illegal pending a decision on whether to allow the Republican-led state to intervene in the case, revoking policy. He said it would likely delay the end for several months.

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/us-expand-title-42-expulsions-allow-migrants-from-cuba-nicaragua-and-haiti-financial-sponsors/ US Expands Title 42 Border Expulsion While Opening Legal Paths For Some Immigrants

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